River-based Urban Infrastructure Development and City Rehabilitation
Since the tsunami in 2004, considerable effort has been made to reconstruct the city’s damaged infrastructure. With CDIA support, an infrastructure investment prioritization exercise was carried out. For prioritized projects (a bus terminal site; a wastewater treatment and drainage facility and the rehabilitation of the Central Business District) a Pre-feasibility Study was carried out and financing options were identified. Implementation mechanisms and an institutional set-up for the implementation of the projects were also been put in place. The projects have a total investment value of 22.6 million US$ which is financed through city own resources; public private partnership; and national government financing.
Danang in Central Vietnam was voted as one of the most beautiful beaches in the planet by Forbes magazine in 2005. However, the tourism sector was seriously affected by sea water pollution because thewastewater treatment of the neighboring business districts were below standards. Danang City had a combined sewerage system of wastewater and rainwater, both discharged into the sea, resulting in coastal pollution during the rainy seasons. This was especially problematic in the eastern coastal parts of the city, which had received no investments.
With help from CDIA, projects and programs for the quality of wastewater management were identified and prioritized. Specifically, the capability and treatment quality of industrial wastewater were ensured. Illegal discharges of industrial wastewater were also identified and stopped. Lastly, with the projects identified by CDIA, it was ensured that all wastes are treated according to the imposed standards to prevent excessive polluting.
Industrial Waste Management
The city of Faisalabad is Pakistan’s third largest industrial city. But although industrialization was abundant in the city, urban infrastructure lagged behind. Industrial wastes were poorly and very inadequately managed, which produceda considerable quantity of liquid effluent that goes untreated and uncontrolled into the overburdened drainage system and then to the rivers. The few treatment plants installed by the factories rarely worked because of financial or technical constraints. There was only one sewage treatment plant in the northern part of Faisalabad designed for the treatment of domestic sewage but it treated both domestic and industrial sewage.
The lack of urban land-use planning and ineffective policies and enforcement of waste disposal controls has created an unhealthy and environmentally and socially untenable urban environment. The poor were the most affected. People living near the drains are of particularly adversely impacted as the water is inadequate for drinking and irrigation.
CDIA provided technical assistance on projects in integrated urban environmental infrastructure covering the industrial waste management. CDIA also provided technical support in Pre-Feasibility Studies for the projects identified, namely, the enhancement of public awareness and training, extension of existing sewage treatment plant, establishing of a combined sewage treatment plant, and strengthening of waste management among industries.
Ferry Terminal System and Central Business District Revitalization
Iloilo City and Guimaras Island in the Philippines foster some of the most beautiful tourist destinations in the country. However, when tourists and even regular commuters flock to go and visit the place, it becomes problematic because the ferry transport system was inefficient, there were no terminals available, and illegal and unsightly structures were widespread in the port areas.
Another problem is the decay of city facilities in downtown Iloilo. The urban setup in the city includes serious informal settling, traffic congestion, and poor conditions of public infrastructure. Hence, the signing and implementation of the the Guimaras–Iloilo Ferry Terminal System and Downtown CBD Revitalization Project by the local government units of the two localities and CDIA.
The projects that have been prioritized focused on the redevelopment of the inner Iloilo City, particularly the establishing of a commercial/institutional and pedestrian street market. Also, the project focused on the development of ferry terminals on both ports.
CDIA helped the city transform the poor scenarios mentioned into ones that function fully for the benefit of the local citizens. CDIA conducted complete feasibility studies for both the projects, and assumed responsibility for the entire project documentation, bidding and linking to potential fund agencies.
River Revitalization and Flood Water Management
The Naga River in the Bicol Region of the Philippines is famous for being the site of the annual Peñafrancia Festival. However, the river waters were polluted and unsafe for any use, including swimming and paddling, the traditional means during the religious fluvial parades.
Another problem experienced in Naga City is serious flooding, which results from outfall of the drainage system into the river, the banks of which were heavily developed on both sides, thus restricting discharge capacities. The Balatas dump site in Naga also contributed to the untreated flood water. During typhoons, families staying in relocation sites do not have access to clean water. Besides the flooding, there’s also a demand for river transport among citizens, which the local government positively responds to.
CDIA conducted Pre-Feasibility Studies about these problems and from which, projects were identified and prioritized. Naga City’s collaboration with the CDIA has resulted to identification of projects that include the River waters rehabilitation, drainage and flood management, solid waste management, tourism development and river transport system.
Solid Waste Management
As in many other cities in Laos, Pakse is faced with key development challenges such as the conditions in the existing solid waste management system, and and the drainage and sanitation system in the city.
In Pakse, only a small portion of solid waste is collected and transported to a dump site. The uncollected waste, together with hazardous and hospital waste, remained in the urban and rural areas and were burned, indiscriminately dumped, or buried. The entire solid waste management system created environmental nuisance and pollution of soil, water, and air.
The city also experienced serious flooding due to river levels rising during wet season. It becomes more problematic because of the erosion of the river embankments. Hence, the urgent need to commence with a project to strengthen the river embankments. Drainage problems were also being faced by the city residents.
CDIA helped the city undertake a Pre-Feasibility Study that identified the projects would answer the problems that the Pakse residents are facing. The city’s collaboration with CDIA resulted in identification of these projects as extension and improvement of the solid waste management system, construction of flood-free land that can be home to Pakse citizens, and the construction of a drainage system.
With a fast-growing population and high urban density, Palembang, the capital of South Sumatra, is facing challenges in the transportation sector. They need an integrated land transport system that considers the rapidly increasing use of private transport and the limited capacity of existing bridges. Roads and bridges could not keep up with these changes, therefore increasing traffic congestion and resulting to increase in air-pollution and fatal road accidents.
With support from CDIA, the city was able to undertake and conduct Pre-Feasibility Studies that helped identify the right projects for the present problems. CDIA also assisted the city in the preparation of integrated urban transport strategy, as well as the documentations and initial reports that were presented to potential investors.
24×7 Water Supply Project
Pimpri-Chinchwad is a metropolitan area in the state of Maharashtra in India. The city had a strong and stable political leadership and administration which has modernized the city’s infrastructure and services. In water supply, the main concern was the separation of service delivery and revenue management, and pumping machinery for production. There were no standard procedures, occupational health and safety standards, or training programs to help the staff in the health sector. There was a serious shortage of full time operational staff in the the Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation that can be trained, retaine, and given incentives to perform well. And internal and external communication with respect to PCMC’s plans, activities, and performance, and how this impacts citizens, was also lacking.
With CDIA’s assistance, these key issues were addressed. CDIA helped the Pimpri-Chinchwad City by conducting Pre-Feasibility Studies that identified the situation and ultimately provided solutions.
Flood Protection System
A prosperous city in South Eastern China, Xinyu City had problems on ecological conservation and environmental pollution arising from increasing industrial projects. The city’s collaboration with CDIA resulted in an integrated approach that addressed flood risks due to climate change, and water quality management through a hydrological lake system which would indirectly mitigate flooding by absorbing storm waters. The project has a total investment value of 306 million US$ and has been linked to ADB financing.
The city of Yogyakarta, Indonesia, is known for being the hub for classical Javanese art and culture. It is also known as the second most important tourist destination next to Bali, thus resulting in a high transient population that affects greatly the transport system i.e. increased number of commuter trips and traffic congestion.
Like other expanding cities, Yogyakarta is experiencing an explosive growth in private vehicle ownership. These occurrences create challenges and problems for the existing road system as key city arterials become increasingly congested.
With the intervention of CDIA, the city government was able to develop an integrated urban transport system. CDIA also conducted pre-feasibility studies, in-depth study of the condition of the city and the transport sector, and evaluation of the needs and opportunities to help Yogyakarta formulate strategies and identify bankable investment projects in the city.