Capacity development

Asia Pacific Cities and Climate Change

Hop On, and Let’s Explore What to Do About It!

How does climate change affect cities?

How does climate change affect urban infrastructure?

CITIES NEED
TO ACT NOW!

Why is now the best time to act?

It is an investment in the future

Planning and investing in infrastructure today will shape the growth and development of your city for decades.

It helps you achieve key development and economic goals

Addressing and managing climate risks can help accelerate other development outcomes (e.g. public health and public safety). It can help meet international development and climate change goals such as the SDGs. By formulating strong urban resilience plans and putting forward low carbon and resilient recovery projects, cities can meet their medium and long-term needs and aspirations.

It will save you money

Managing risks before they happen is more cost-effective than reacting after they happen.

It can make the city richer

Being a leader in the field can attract investors and create employment and export opportunities.

It helps accelerate development and reduce inequality

Addressing climate change challenges with a focus on vulnerable populations will help increase the city’s overall resilience and alleviate poverty.

Cities can access new sources of finance

By leveraging and unlocking new sources of climate finance from groups like the Green Climate Fund, cities can address longstanding resilience gaps and realize their development goals.

What should cities consider as they pursue climate resilience?

Resilience and Mitigation

Resilience is the capacity of a city to function so that all its people can recover from and thrive in the face of climate impacts. Mitigation includes measures that reduce the emission of GHGs, which cause human-induced climate change.

Inclusion

The process should incorporate the diverse perspectives of stakeholder groups on all levels and scales – especially the communities most vulnerable to climate change – and consider climate risk as a crucial part of the administration’s political vision for the city.

Sustainability

Besides addressing existing issues, a proactive planning process must consider how climate change might exacerbate challenges in the future and plan adaptation pathways to address these issues. A sustainable city is socially inclusive, economically productive and environmentally resilient with low-carbon emissions.

Urban resilience takes many forms

Ecological
resilience

Ecological
resilience

  • Conservation, restoration and rehabilitation of ecosystems
  • Biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of a strategy to
    build community and economic resilience

Physical
resilience

Physical
resilience

  • Infrastructure development planning for climate and disaster risks
  • Infrastructure investment and maintenance
  • Early warning systems

Financial
resilience

Financial
resilience

  • Enhanced financial preparedness for climate and disaster risks
  • Access to development finance

Socio-economic
resilience

Socio-economic
resilience

  • Pro-poor and pro-vulnerable investment (basic services for the poor)
  • Community adaptation capacity
  • Multi-faceted solutions, including livelihood creation,
    social protection and health infrastructure

Institutional
resilience

Institutional
resilience

  • Multiple scales of intervention, including household, community
    and local government
  • Capacity and skills development
  • Risk prevention strategies
  • Planning and land-use management
Check CDIA Glossary on Climate change
P bus lane bus lane

Infrastructure solutions that can address climate change

WE CAN HELP

CDIA is an infrastructure project preparation facility

CDIA is implemented by Asian Development Bank and Agence Française de Développement. It receives funding support from the governments of Austria, France, Germany, Switzerland and the European Union.

Our expertise lies in identifying and designing urban projects with a consideration for addressing climate change and providing clear climate co-benefits. We bridge the gap between cities’ plans and the implementation of infrastructure projects, and we’re in a unique position to identify a robust pipeline of infrastructure projects that can integrate climate actions.

Our Impact Areas

CDIA's four main impact areas are
closely interrelated.

Our approach to Cities and Climate Change

CDIA takes an integrated view of urban risks and resilience in designing projects.

How?

We select projects and resilience mechanisms in close coordination with city stakeholders

We help cities prepare urban investment projects that are low carbon, disaster resilient and climate adaptive

We focus on urban renewal projects that build community wellbeing and resilience

We empower cities to address current and future urban challenges, focusing explicitly on climate change risks

We align with existing climate and sustainable development strategies at the national level

We look at climate data and assess the cities vulnerabilities to propose solutions that will build infrastructure resilience

How we work with cities

We help cities find the most efficient and sustainable way to implement their infrastructure development plans, considering:

Which projects are most urgent or important?

What technical options are there?

What are the environmental, social and financial impacts?

How are climate risks and resilience building integrated in the design?

How much will it cost to operate and maintain it?

How we mainstream climate change in our projects

Through careful infrastructure planning, cities can better cope with climate shocks and stresses, build climate resilience for their people and reduce GHG emissions. To ensure these outcomes, we consider climate change at every stage of our work:

1

Scope and identify project

  • Field assessment and initial climate screening
  • Identification of climate and non-climate stressors
  • Carbon footprint analysis (when applicable)
2

Assess vulnerabilities and systems

  • Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessment
  • Understanding the risks resulting from multiple climate threats and intensities
  • Analysis of potential climate hazards and existing vulnerabilities that could harm vulnerable people, property, services, livelihoods and the environment
  • Stakeholder consultation
3

Prioritize and design

  • Selection of multiple evaluation criteria in participation with key stakeholders
  • Prioritizing actions and investment projects to achieve the goal of long-term systemic change
  • Project specifications and preliminary design considering risk and vulnerabilities
  • Alternative design approaches and/or mitigation measures
  • Developing adaptation pathways to address decision making under uncertainty.
Downstream Financier 4
Implement and manage
5
Evaluate
and adjust

PROJECT EXAMPLES

Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean
georgia

Georgia (PRC)

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armenia

Armenia

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uzbekistan

Uzbekistan

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kazakhstan

Kazakhstan

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mongolia

Mongolia

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tajikistan

Tajikistan

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pakistan

Bahawalpur, Rahim Yar Khan, Sargodha and Muzaffargarh (Pakistan)

Four cities in Pakistan’s Punjab province – Bahawalpur, Rahim Yar Khan, Sargodha and Muzaffargarh – are prone to droughts and water shortages. In 2019, CDIA developed a project preparation study (PPS) for the four cities that identified investment projects to upgrade the basic infrastructure services in these four cities with the aim of making them more resilient, inclusive and competitive.

The PPS presented bankable infrastructure projects to improve the water supply, sanitation and solid waste management systems in these cities. CDIA also held consultations with city-level stakeholders to outline how further infrastructure investments can help these cities prepare for future climate shocks. During the consultations, CDIA introduced urban resilience concepts to the local city officials to inform their decision-making throughout project design and implementation.

The measures in these projects will help the cities manage groundwater resources, improve wastewater treatment and set up new sanitary landfills. When adopted, they will benefit a collective 2.1 million residents in these four cities.

Read more

nepal

Nepal

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bhutan

Bhutan (PRC)

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Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

china

Huangshan (PRC)

Economic development and the rapid growth of tourism, along with economic development has increased environmental and ecological pressures across the Xin’an River Basin and impaired the water quality in the river. The Huangshan
Municipality urgently needed water management and sustainable green development to improve water quality in the upstream reaches of Xin’an River.

In 2019, the local government sought CDIA’s knowledge of innovations and best practices in water pollution management to better protect the ecological system of the Xin’an River, the main source of drinking water for at least 10 million residents.

The CDIA team then published Knowledge Products (KPs) in 2020 which provided specific interventions for first flush run-off control and storm water management; environmental monitoring and emergency response system for industrial parks;
climate change adaptation and mitigation; and application of information and communication technologies (ICT) for environmental monitoring and data analysis.

The KPs will inform ADB’s execution of a green development project on the Xin’an River, which will improve Huangshan’s climate resilience and ensure a healthy ecosystem on the river – and also serve as a standard of reference for similar projects in PRC as well as in other Asia Pacific countries.

Read more

china2

Huangshan2 (PRC)

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quos culpa facere, eaque debitis beatae natus nam placeat, neque distinctio ipsam nesciunt
laborum cumque reiciendis fuga facilis consequuntur.

india

India

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bangladesh

Bangladesh

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vietnam

Vietnam

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srilanka

Sri Lanka

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Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

myanmar

Yangon (Myanmar)

Climate change has brought longer dry seasons to Southeast Asia and threatens the water supply for developing cities across the region. Soaring temperatures and outdated, leaking water pipes lead to millions of gallons of non-revenue water losses in cities that already struggle to provide enough clean water for their citizens. 

CDIA has partnered with the city of Yangon to install a new intake structure in the Ngamoeyeik Reservoir and develop enclosed pipelines that will bring clean water directly into the city.  Stakeholders expect the project to help improve the health and safety of Yangon’s citizens, reduce water losses, and improve the city’s economy.

Read more

thailand

Thailand

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Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

laos

Laos

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cambodia

Battambang, Kampot, Kratie and Chhlong (Cambodia)

Erratic weather patterns and storm surges have put the secondary cities of Battambang, Kratie and Chhlong at high risk for flooding and riverbank erosion, and the coastal city of Kampot has become more susceptible to rising sea levels and flash floods.

These climate shocks threaten to disrupt food and water supply and displace the poor, elderly, and other
vulnerable groups in these cities.

The study CDIA completed in Cambodia included climate projection models to assess each city’s climate risks and vulnerabilities, and proposed climate adaptation interventions and institutional capacity development roadmaps.

Battambang, Kampot, Kratie and Chhlong now have a range of infrastructure project options that can both increase their climate resilience and help them pursue economic development.

Read more

philippines

Philippines (PRC)

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indonesia

Indonesia

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error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

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error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

vanuatu

Vanuatu

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error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

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error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

fiji

Fiji

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error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

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error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

Georgia (PRC)

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Armenia

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Uzbekistan

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Kazakhstan

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Mongolia

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Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

Tajikistan

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Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

Bahawalpur, Rahim Yar Khan, Sargodha and Muzaffargarh (Pakistan)

Four cities in Pakistan’s Punjab province – Bahawalpur, Rahim Yar Khan, Sargodha and Muzaffargarh – are prone to droughts and water shortages. In 2019, CDIA developed a project preparation study (PPS) for the four cities that identified investment projects to upgrade the basic infrastructure services in these four cities with the aim of making them more resilient, inclusive and competitive.

The PPS presented bankable infrastructure projects to improve the water supply, sanitation and solid waste management systems in these cities. CDIA also held consultations with city-level stakeholders to outline how further infrastructure investments can help these cities prepare for future climate shocks. During the consultations, CDIA introduced urban resilience concepts to the local city officials to inform their decision-making throughout project design and implementation.

The measures in these projects will help the cities manage groundwater resources, improve wastewater treatment and set up new sanitary landfills. When adopted, they will benefit a collective 2.1 million residents in these four cities.

Read more

Nepal

Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

Bhutan (PRC)

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Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

Huangshan (PRC)

Economic development and the rapid growth of tourism, along with economic development has increased environmental and ecological pressures across the Xin’an River Basin and impaired the water quality in the river. The Huangshan
Municipality urgently needed water management and sustainable green development to improve water quality in the upstream reaches of Xin’an River.

In 2019, the local government sought CDIA’s knowledge of innovations and best practices in water pollution management to better protect the ecological system of the Xin’an River, the main source of drinking water for at least 10 million residents.

The CDIA team then published Knowledge Products (KPs) in 2020 which provided specific interventions for first flush run-off control and storm water management; environmental monitoring and emergency response system for industrial parks;
climate change adaptation and mitigation; and application of information and communication technologies (ICT) for environmental monitoring and data analysis.

The KPs will inform ADB’s execution of a green development project on the Xin’an River, which will improve Huangshan’s climate resilience and ensure a healthy ecosystem on the river – and also serve as a standard of reference for similar projects in PRC as well as in other Asia Pacific countries.

Read more

Huangshan2 (PRC)

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Dignissimos vero officiis,
quos culpa facere, eaque debitis beatae natus nam placeat, neque distinctio ipsam nesciunt
laborum cumque reiciendis fuga facilis consequuntur.

India

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Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

Bangladesh

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Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

Vietnam

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Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

Sri Lanka

Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

Yangon (Myanmar)

Climate change has brought longer dry seasons to Southeast Asia and threatens the water supply for developing cities across the region. Soaring temperatures and outdated, leaking water pipes lead to millions of gallons of non-revenue water losses in cities that already struggle to provide enough clean water for their citizens. 

CDIA has partnered with the city of Yangon to install a new intake structure in the Ngamoeyeik Reservoir and develop enclosed pipelines that will bring clean water directly into the city.  Stakeholders expect the project to help improve the health and safety of Yangon’s citizens, reduce water losses, and improve the city’s economy.

Read more

Thailand

Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

Lorem ipsum dolor, sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Eos dicta qui omnis ab tenetur aspernatur, perferendis error accusamus, aperiam esse repellendus porro veniam a nemo placeat obcaecati alias ducimus doloribus!

Laos

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Battambang, Kampot, Kratie and Chhlong (Cambodia)

Erratic weather patterns and storm surges have put the secondary cities of Battambang, Kratie and Chhlong at high risk for flooding and riverbank erosion, and the coastal city of Kampot has become more susceptible to rising sea levels and flash floods.

These climate shocks threaten to disrupt food and water supply and displace the poor, elderly, and other
vulnerable groups in these cities.

The study CDIA completed in Cambodia included climate projection models to assess each city’s climate risks and vulnerabilities, and proposed climate adaptation interventions and institutional capacity development roadmaps.

Battambang, Kampot, Kratie and Chhlong now have a range of infrastructure project options that can both increase their climate resilience and help them pursue economic development.

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Philippines (PRC)

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Indonesia

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Vanuatu

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Fiji

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