City Interventions

Bhopal Solid Waste Management

Country: India
City: Bhopal

Key Stakeholders and PartnersBhopal Municipal Corporation

Project Preparation Study PeriodSeptember 2013 – May 2015

CDIA SupportUS$ 204,703

Expected Downstream Financingtbc

Infrastructure sectorsSolid Waste Management

CDIA priority impact areasClimate Change Mitigation and Adaptation; Environmental Improvement; Poverty Reduction

Key City Development Issues

The Bhopal Municipal Corporation (BMC) is responsible for the city’s civic infrastructure and administration. Bhopal’s solid waste management (SWM) system is severely deficient, and is only capable of collecting about half of the city’s waste estimated at 1,000 tons/day. The Bhanpura dumpsite is a significant health and environmental threat receiving about a third of the solid waste while the remaining garbage are being dumped into streets, vacant lots, drainage channels and lakeside areas. Recognizing the situation, the BMC proposes to develop its SWM system through the national government’s Swachh Bharat Mission (Clean India Mission). The state government also initiated to cluster SWM projects within the state in order to achieve critical mass and improve system’s viability.

Details of Cooperation

CDIA-supported activities included: (i) analysis of the initiative taken by BMC to develop an integrated municipal solid waste management service delivery model for collection system, closure of existing dump site and suitability of new landfill sites; (ii) formulation of suitable PPP proposals or any other financial model through reform process for implementation that strengthen the role of BMC in improving environmental and sanitation conditions for its residents; and (iii) preparation of a Business Plan and Pre-Feasibility Study that prioritize appropriate investment in SWM best practices through progressive implementation.

Expected Development Outcomes

When fully implemented, the project is expected to: (i) improve the access to reliable SWM services for all residents of Bhopal, particularly for the poor community; (ii) reduce the level of pollution with the prevention of illicit waste dumping; (iii) lower the health risk of the people with the reduction of water-related diseases incidence; and (iv) increase recycling efficiency with the potential of improving access to livelihood and creating additional employment.


Key City informationKey City Information
Land Area: 259 sq. km.
Population: 1.8 million (2011)
City website: n/a

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