City Interventions

Dushanbe Water Supply and Sanitation

Country: Tajikistan
City: Dushanbe

Key Stakeholders and PartnersLocal Executive Body of the State Authority in Dushanbe City; Ministry of Finance of Tajikistan; Asian Development Bank

Project Preparation Study PeriodSeptember 2017 – March 2018

CDIA SupportUS$ 500,000

Expected Downstream FinancingUS$ 41 million (ADB Grant)

Infrastructure sectorsWater Supply
Wastewater Management

CDIA priority impact areasClimate Change Mitigation and Adaptation; Environmental Improvement; Good Governance

Key City Development Issues

The water supply and sanitation systems of Tajikistan’s towns and cities were established under the former Soviet Union and have undergone significant deterioration in the intervening years due a combination of age, a lack of further capital investment and a lack of preventative operation and maintenance. The water supply systems are characterized by intermittent operation, high non- revenue water (NRW), low pressures, and low energy efficiency. Public health in Tajikistan is generally poor.

Details of Cooperation

CDIA supported Dushanbe City in the conduct of a project preparation study (PPS) to identify and prepare, to feasibility/preliminary engineering design stage, a priority sub- project targeting demand management and the reduction of NRW in Dushanbe through the introduction of district metering areas, together with the rehabilitation/replacement of the water transmission, storage, distribution system and customer connections, including the associated electrical and mechanical equipment such as pumping stations and booster disinfection systems, and the installation of customer water meters. Parallel objectives included the preparation of a sanitation investment road map, improved water supply and sanitation infrastructure resilience and an institutional capacity development road map for the Dushanbe Vodakanal, the authority responsible for water supply and sanitation in the city. The PPS was carried in close cooperation with a parallel ADB financed Transaction TA to address commercial aspects and the due diligence tasks leading to a subsequent ADB financing.

Expected Development Outcomes

The project will lead to improved access to basic infrastructure and water quality which will lead to improved public health and a more equitable distribution of public services. As such it will directly benefit the urban poor. Furthermore, the project will introduce the concept of urban resilience in the city and will improve the security of public services. The project will directly contribute to the achievement of SDGs 6, 11 and 13.


Key City informationLand Area: 125 sq. km.
Estimated Population: 800,000 (2017)
City website: n/a

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