City Interventions

Khulna Medium-term Urban Infrastructure Program (CRDP-1)

Country: Bangladesh
City: Khulna

Key Stakeholders and PartnersKhulna City Corporation; Local Government Engineering Department; Asian Development Bank

Project Preparation Study PeriodOctober 2008 – July 2009

CDIA SupportUS$ 451,186

Expected Downstream FinancingUS$ 31.3 (ADB loan)

Infrastructure sectorsUrban Transport
Wastewater Management
Solid Waste Management

CDIA priority impact areasClimate Change Mitigation and Adaptation; Environmental Improvement; Good Governance; Poverty Reduction

Key City Development Issues

Khulna is the third largest city in Bangladesh. Like the other major cities of Bangladesh (Dhaka and Chittagong), Khulna is undergoing a major transformation due to its immensely growing population. Key city development issues being confronted by the city include: (i) the need to develop environment-friendly urban transport solutions; (ii) the need to develop sustainable solid waste management system; and (iii) the need to improve living conditions of urban residents through better urban infrastructure provision.

Details of Cooperation

In October 2008, the CDIA approved the application of Khulna City Corporation (KCC) for technical assistance in the formulation of a Medium-term Urban Infrastructure Program (MTUIP) and preparation of sector studies covering three sectors, namely, transport, drainage and solid waste management. After completion of the MTPUIP in 2009, ADB provided a project preparatory technical assistance (PPTA) which led to the approval of the City Region Development Project (CRDP) sector loan in November 2010. Approval of CRDP sector loan generated interest of KfW in co-financing the urban transport projects of CRDP. In preparation for the KfW co-financing, CDIA carried out a further preparatory study on the “Pro-poor and Green Urban Transport in Khulna” in 2011 taking into account the findings from the 2009 MTPUIP Transport Sector Study.

Expected Development Outcomes

The transport projects will strengthen the city’s road network, improve traffic conditions and road safety, enhance the pedestrian environment, and facilitate the development of new urban expansion areas. The drainage projects will reduce flooding in large parts of the city, especially in the commercial and business centre.  Reduced flooding will decrease the loss of income currently experienced by businesses and employees alike, lessen health risks from water-related diseases, improve living conditions, and diminish the damage to infrastructure, especially roads. The solid waste management projects (SWM) will create an integrated SWM system for Khulna which will substantially reduce the current problems of indiscriminate dumping and littering which, in turn, contribute to the reduction in the incidence of flooding and efficient use of road space. When fully implemented, the projects will ultimately make the city of Khulna a more attractive place to live and work.

Download: Final Report      

Key City informationLand Area: 150 sq. km
Population: 1.3 million (2015)
City website: n/a

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