City Interventions

Local Devolution and Disaster Risk Reduction Management Program

Country: Philippines

Key Stakeholders and PartnersPhilippines' Department of the Interior and Local Government, Agence Francaise de Developpment

CDIA SupportUS$ 212,000

Expected Downstream Financing$280 million (AFD)

Infrastructure sectorsMulti-sector

CDIA priority impact areasClimate Change Mitigation and Adaptation; Good Governance

Key City Development Issues

The Philippines is vulnerable to a range of disasters, including typhoons, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions. About 74% of the population is vulnerable to natural disasters and 60% of the country’s total land area is exposed to multiple hazards (Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, 2017). The Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG), the agency responsible for overseeing local government units (LGUs) and coordinating disaster preparedness, has been implementing capacity building programs aimed at increasing the resilience of LGUs against natural hazards and disasters. In preparation for the devolution of the DRRM functions to LGUs set in 2022, DILG was planning to formulate a program for strengthening the capacities of LGUs to fully assume the devolved functions.

Details of Cooperation

The primary objective of the CDIA-financed project preparation study (PPS) was to develop a Disaster Risk Reduction Enhancement at the Local Level (DRREALL) Program that will help build DRRM and climate change adaptation capacity both at national (mainly DILG) and local level (LGUs). The PPS activities were carried out in four stages: Stage 1 – diagnosis and assessment of the DRRM sector; Stage 2 – development of policy and results matrix including an implementation framework for the devolution of DRRM function to the LGUs; Stage 3 – design of a technical assistance (TA) to support the implementation of policy reforms; and Stage 4 – selection of champion cities and identification of priority projects that could be taken forward to further project preparation and due diligence studies. The PPS output, i.e., the DRREALL Program, triggered the approval of a policy-based loan and an accompanying TA grant for the improvement of DRRM and climate change adaptation tools, knowledge, and operational capacities. 

Expected Development Impacts

The DRREALL Program is expected to provide DILG with the opportunity to set up a flexible intervention framework to support the implementation of a medium-term policy program on DRRM including its devolution to the LGUs. It is also expected to address the need for a stronger integration of disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in local government plans and infrastructure investment programs. Using pro-poor and socially inclusive approaches, DRREALL will help build resilience among the most vulnerable populations by reducing their exposure and vulnerability to disasters.

Download: Final Report      

Key City informationThe Philippines is an island archipelago consisting of 7,641 islands and is highly vulnerable to severe natural disasters, heightened in the last decade by climate change. It sits astride the typhoon belt, and as such the country frequently experiences extreme flooding, storm surges, tsunamis and landslides. Also, because the country is situated on the western fringes of the Pacific Ring of Fire, it experiences frequent seismic and volcanic activity. According to the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), close to 74% of the population is vulnerable to natural disasters and 60% of total land area is exposed to multiple hazards.

The country’s territorial jurisdictions of local government units (LGUs) consists of 18 administrative regions, 81 provinces, 33 urbanized cities, 1,489 municipalities, and 42,036 barangays. Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (LDRRM) funds are pegged at 5% of internal revenue allocations (IRA). This will be augmented following a recent Supreme Court ruling appropriating bigger IRA transfer to local governments starting 2022.

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