City Interventions

Electric Bus Fleet as Public Service Project in Siem Reap

Country: Cambodia
City: Siem Reap

CDIA SupportUS$ 500,000

Expected Downstream FinancingPublic-Private Partnership

Infrastructure sectorsUrban Transport

CDIA priority impact areasClimate Change Mitigation and Adaptation; Environmental Improvement; Poverty Reduction

Key City Development Issues

Siem Reap is a major city in Cambodia with a population of more than 245,500. Home to the World Heritage Site of Angkor Wat, the city is considered the most popular tourist destination in Cambodia, receiving around 2.2 million tourists a year (pre-COVID 19).

The city is facing various transport challenges such that its current network cannot fully accommodate the substantial number of residents, commuters, and tourists. Its public transport system is not organized and most people depend on fossil fuel-based private vehicles such as aged motorcycles, tuk-tuks, and cars. This situation generates various urban problems, such as traffic congestion, air pollution, noise, public health issues, and increased greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The risk of air pollution to heritage preservation is also considered a key concern.

Details of Cooperation

The Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT) applied for a CDIA project preparation study (PPS) support to develop a robust low-carbon transport system for Siem Reap. The main objective of the CDIA-financed PPS is to prepare to feasibility level a low-carbon and smart public transport system with an electric bus fleet for three new bus lines in Siem Reap for Public-Private Partnership (PPP) downstream financing. The scope of the CDIA PPS includes the technical analysis of the e-bus system (energy and operational) and the commercial aspects for PPP financing, the preparation of an institutional and capacity development road map to support the development of the transit corridor, as well as outline environmental and social safeguard assessment.

Expected Development Impacts

The proposed project is expected to bring significant environmental improvement in the city, such as reduced air pollution, among others. This will consequently lower the risks to public health, especially for people with pre-existing health conditions, and those from low-income groups, who are highly exposed to air pollution. The introduction of electric buses will likewise decrease Cambodia’s reliance on imported fossil fuels and improve Siem Reap’s image having clean and smart public transport.

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