Panaji 24×7 Water Supply and Saint Inez Creek Rejuvenation
Key Stakeholders and PartnersImagine Panaji Smart City Development Ltd.
Project Preparation Study PeriodSeptember 2018 - April 2019
CDIA SupportUS$ 600,000
Expected Downstream FinancingState Government
Infrastructure sectorsWater Supply
CDIA priority impact areasClimate Change Mitigation and Adaptation; Environmental Improvement; Good Governance; Poverty Reduction
Key Development Issues
The City of Panaji was selected to be included in the Smart Cities Mission in 2016 with Imagine Panaji Smart City Development Ltd. (IPSCDL) being created as the special purpose vehicle. Despite having a reasonable supply of good quality water, the city residents still only receive between one and seven hours of water supply per day depending on their location. The vision of the city includes the transformation to a fully operational and modern 24/7 system, which can be considered as a showcase example for both India and the region. The Saint Inez creek is a tidal water body which winds its way through the centre of Panaji. In former times, the water was clean and was used by city residents for recreation. However, it has fallen into a state of decline (due to poorly designed highway widening project at the mouth of the creek, wastewater discharges, and siltation at certain locations and vegetation, etc). A report titled “Hydraulic and Environmental Regeneration of Santa Inez Creek” has been developed, but the solutions presented were hard “concrete-based” engineering which lacked imagination.
Details of Cooperation
CDIA supported IPSCDL in developing two project proposals with the following content: (i) an outline design for additional works needed to achieve the 24/7 water system, which will be incorporated in a performance-based Design Build and Operate (DBO) contract. The contract will further integrate a comprehensive Non-Revenue Water (NRW) reduction program and the execution of a roadmap for capacity building and institutional development for the Public Works Department, which manages water supply in Panaji city; and (ii) a review of the existing technical detailed project report on the regeneration of Saint Inez Creek, and propose a roadmap to define a more environmentally friendly approach, while maximizing on community and youth engagement in finding appropriate solutions supported and embraced by the local population.
Expected Development Impacts
When fully implemented, the project will lead to the provision of water on a 24/7 basis throughout the city which itself will lead to significant social development benefits including: (i) reduced household coping costs as the need to store and re-pump water is removed; (ii) improved water quality by eliminating the dangers of intermittent supply with consequent improvements in public health; and (iii) the provision of 24/7 water, if accompanied by appropriate public information programs, resulting in an improved public appreciation of the service and a greater willingness to pay higher tariff. The rejuvenation of the Saint Inez Creek, on the other hand, will improve the ability of the city’s infrastructure to cope with climate change impacts, specifically by enhancing features as permeability, microclimate regulation and biodiversity and ecosystem functions.
Key City informationLand Area: 76 sq. km
Population: 115,000 (2018)
City website: n/a