City Interventions

Slum Improvement in Strategic Human Settlements Area

Country: Indonesia
City: Banjarmasin, Cirebon, Makassar, Palembang, Sorong

Key Stakeholders and PartnersMinistry of Public Works and Housing of Indonesia; Asian Development Bank

Project Preparation Study PeriodAugust 2018 – October 2019

CDIA SupportUS$ 600,000

Expected Downstream FinancingTBC

Infrastructure sectorsWater Supply
Wastewater Management
Solid Waste Management

CDIA priority impact areasClimate Change Mitigation and Adaptation; Environmental Improvement; Poverty Reduction

Key City Development Issues

The slum alleviation policy of the Government of Indonesia (GOI) seeks to improve access to public services, drinking water, wastewater, solid waste, drainage, local roads and living conditions for slum residents. Since the 1960s, the GOI has implemented a range of slum alleviation projects. While these projects have resulted in the reduction of slums and improved access to public services, they have failed to contend with the proliferation of new slums. Considering the existing rapid urbanization rate and the already existing 35,000 hectares of slums in Indonesia, there is a need to re-assess previous programs and develop a new approach that will accelerate slum alleviation efforts and prevent the proliferation of new slum areas.

Details of Cooperation

CDIA provided support to GOI in the following areas: (i) development of the Slum Improvement in Strategic Human Settlements Area (SISHA) Concept; (ii) identification, prioritization and mapping of the required infrastructure investments in slum areas in five cities (Banjarmasin, Cirebon, Makassar, Palembang and Sorong); and (iii) conduct of pre-feasibility studies (PFS) and outline design of the identified priority infrastructure investments.

Expected Development Outcomes

The project will contribute to the achievement of the Government of Indonesia’s long-term goal of having no slum areas and promoting 100% access to clean water and sanitation, thereby enhancing the quality of life of people living in slum areas and significantly improving the health and sanitation standards in the target cities.


Key City informationLand Area: n/a
Estimated Population: 536,000 (2018; total of 5 cities)
City website: n/a

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