City Interventions

Ulaanbaatar Affordable Housing and Urban Renewal Project

Country: Mongolia
City: Ulaanbaatar

Key Stakeholders and PartnersMunicipality of Ulaanbaatar; Ministry of Finance; Asian Development Bank

Project Preparation Study PeriodFebruary 2015 – March 2016

CDIA SupportUS$ 468,684

Expected Downstream FinancingUS$ 542 million (ADB, Green Climate Fund and other sources)

Infrastructure sectorsUrban Renewal

CDIA priority impact areasClimate Change Mitigation and Adaptation; Environmental Improvement; Good Governance

Key City Development Issues

Ulaanbaatar City is home to about 1.4 million people equivalent to almost half of Mongolia’s population. The city’s central district is largely comprised of apartment blocks with comprehensive utility services, including dedicateddistrict heating, piped water supply, and wastewater collection and treatment services. Surrounding this is a vast, low-density, 90 square kilometers of peri-urban area (the so-called ger area) with poor infrastructure that accommodate about 800,000 or 60% of the city’s population. Inhabited by low- and medium-income households that migrated from the rural areas, ger areas are characterized by loosely aligned plots creating irregular pathways that remain unpaved. While majority of the households have land tenure, their living conditions are typified by: (i) reliance on inefficient individual coal stoves for heating during winter that affect residents’ health; (ii) use of open pit latrines coupled with poor solid waste collection which create severe soil pollution; (iii) limited access to water supplied by water kiosks; and iv) poor basic urban services exacerbated by critical lack of public space, public facilities and economic amenities.

Details of Cooperation

CDIA provided technical assistance to the Ulaanbaatar municipality on the following: (i) review of existing affordable housing (AH) strategy and urban development plan of Ulaanbaatar; (ii) identification of pilot areas and formulation of local infrastructure development plans and integrated AH options for low- and moderate-income households; and (iii) formulation of recommendations on how to establish sustainable institutional and legal framework to support access to AH.

Expected Development Outcomes

When fully implemented, the project is expected to: (i) translate the existing AH strategy into implementable plans, investments, and institutional reforms; (ii) increase the supply of AH; and (iii) enhance city livability through the construction of well-integrated and resource-efficient solutions in strategic locations in the ger areas.

Download: Final Report      


Key City informationLand Area: 4,700 sq. km.
Population: 1.4 million (2018)
City website: n/a

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