City Interventions

Ulaanbaatar Cultural Heritage and Tourism in Ger Areas

Country: Mongolia
City: Ulaanbaatar

Key Stakeholders and PartnersMunicipality of Ulaanbaatar; Ministry of Finance; Asian Development Bank

Project Preparation Study PeriodJuly 2015 – December 2016

CDIA SupportUS$ 320,014

Expected Downstream FinancingUS$ 101.5 million (ADB Loan)

Infrastructure sectorsUrban Renewal

CDIA priority impact areasClimate Change Mitigation and Adaptation; Environmental Improvement; Good Governance; Poverty Reduction

Key City Development Issues

Ulaanbaatar’s rapid growth and modernization generated some concern about the survival of the city’s cultural heritage and quality of its environment. The Master Plan for Ulaanbaatar 2030 aims to establish a capital city that embodies the special characteristics of the Mongolian traditional lifestyle and to restore Mongolian cultural heritage, tradition and memorial buildings. It also aims to make Ulaanbaatar a tourist destination and a “green city” based on “sustainable and green development that ensure human development”, and for upgrading the city’s ger areas in a progressive manner. However, the actual implementation of the City Master Plan was being carried out under an old-style, top-down approach with limited recognition of culturally significant buildings and the cultural traditions that support them, and very little appreciation of the importance of these assets in the re-development of ger areas.

Details of Cooperation

CDIA provided technical assistance to the Municipality of Ulaanbaatar in the conduct of pre-feasibility study (PFS) aimed at: (i) identifying valuable cultural heritage assets within ger areas and assess the urban infrastructure conditions surrounding the identified sites; and (ii) formulating priority urban infrastructure investments that will enhance the value of cultural heritage assets in ger areas and provide economic opportunities and better living conditions for inhabitants.

Expected Development Outcomes

When fully implemented, this project will enhance the urban infrastructure services in the targeted ger areas surrounding Dambadarjaa and Bayankhosuu monasteries. It is projected that some 13,000 people will directly benefit from the investments through improved access to water, sanitation, electricity and heating. Moreover, some 117,000 people living near the targeted ger areas will have access to green parks and sports facilities while about 47,000 local residents will have improved access to livelihood opportunities through tourism-related employment and business enterprises.

Download: Final Report      


Key City informationLand Area: 4,700 sq. km.
Population: 1.4 million (2018)
City website: n/a

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