City Interventions

Uzbekistan Livable Cities Project

Country: Uzbekistan
City: Djizzak, Khiva, Yangiyer

Key Stakeholders and PartnersMinistry of Investments and Foreign Trade of the Republic of Uzbekistan; and the cities of Djizzak, Khiva and Yangiyer/Havas.

Project Preparation Study PeriodJanuary to December 2021

CDIA SupportUS$ 691,000

Expected Downstream Financing$ 68 million (Asian Development Bank)

Infrastructure sectorsWater Supply
Wastewater Management
Solid Waste Management
Urban Renewal

CDIA priority impact areasClimate Change Mitigation and Adaptation; Environmental Improvement; Good Governance; Poverty Reduction

Key City Development Issues

One of the key development challenges in Uzbekistan is the on-going in-migration from rural areas, which is creating pressure on the existing poor-quality infrastructure and the low urban governance capacities of the larger and mid-size cities. This has resulted in unplanned urban settlements leading to the deprivation and exclusion of vulnerable groups, including women, the elderly, children, and persons with disabilities. Recognizing the pivotal role that well planned and efficient cities play in accelerating growth, Uzbekistan has enacted sustainable urbanization as a government priority agenda with the goal of increasing the country’s urbanization level to 60% by 2030. The country’s pioneering urbanization concept reinforces the need for integrated urban development, encompassing improvements in city planning, communal services, public infrastructure and environmental sustainability. 

Details of Cooperation

In April 2019, in support of the nation’s urbanization program, the Government
requested ADB to prepare an urban development project covering the three cities of Djizzak, Khiva, and Yangiyer/Havas. With an emphasis on developing innovative pilot projects for replication, the government’s city prioritization was based on: (i) Djizzak, as an example of a medium-sized city that can promote economic growth and pioneer regional development; (ii) Khiva, as an example of a tourist cluster; and (iii) Yangiyer/Havas as a smaller city that will drive industrial cluster development through the promotion of small- and medium-sized enterprises and foreign direct investment. ADB subsequently confirmed the preparation of an Integrated Urban Development Project for the cities, with an indicative loan amount of US$ 100 million. CDIA’s role is to prepare the project to pre-feasibility/outline design level.

Expected Development Impacts

The proposed project will have a direct benefit to public health through the provisions of the following outputs:

Urban renewal
▪ Urban Upgrading for Ittifok, Dostlik and Yoshlik Mahallas, Djizzak;
▪ Yangiyer Linear Park;
▪ Khiva Tourist Visitor Center;
▪ Sothern section of the proposed inner-city ring road; and
▪ Polvon Canal upgrading.

Water supply and sanitation
▪ Water supply and sanitation Improvements, comprising service improvements, operation efficiency support, and a hygiene promotion program for Djizzak City.

Solid waste management
▪ Improvements comprising waste minimization programs, waste collection and upgrading programs and waste disposal improvement programs for all cities.

Institutional capacity development
▪ Urban management, urban renewal, WSS and SWM capacity development programs at city, provincial and national levels.

Download: Final Report      

Key City informationArea: 448,978 km2

Population: 32.76 million

Uzbekistan is Central Asia’s most populous country. A resource-rich, doubly landlocked country, it declared independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 and has since emerged as one of the fastest growing economies in the region.

Djizzak: The city has a population of 177,700 and an economy based on agriculture, minerals, cattle and a growing free trade economic zone producing, glass, household appliances, pharmaceuticals, cement, and more recently, cars.

Khiva: With a population of 92,400, Khiva is the key historic, cultural and tourism destination in Khorezm Province and was formerly the last oasis on the Silk Road for westward travelers.

Yangiyer/Havas: This twin development (populations of 43,600 and 26,000 respectively) was founded in 1957 to support a grand project to cultivate saline land. Much of its industrial capacity has now been lost, but with the Uzbekistan economy now opening up, Yangiyer/Havas is emerging as a major investment center.

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