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CDIA Helps Yerevan Formulate its Transport Strategy

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As part of the ongoing project preparation study (PPS) to improve public transport in Yerevan City, CDIA is helping set out a comprehensive transport strategy for Armenia’s capital. It identifies ways to develop a modern and fully integrated public transport network for the city.

“The transport strategy promotes a new mobility approach, which is based on international best practices and tailored to the context of Yerevan,” says Fabienne Perucca, Urban Development Specialist in charge of the PPS. “It will enable an integrated, accessible and sustainable mobility for all,” she adds.

The majority of city residents use public transport. However, private car usage has increased in recent years, and the underinvestment in the public transport system over the past 30 years has led to the deterioration of the transport infrastructure. Some of the transport fleet has been renewed but most remains old and subject to withdrawal in the coming years. Air pollution is also a key problem for Yerevan as transport emissions account for 90% of air pollutants in the area.

The Government of Yerevan has expressed its intention to improve the level of reliability, comfort and efficiency of their public transport system. It recognizes that the success of Yerevan’s future and its transport system relies on the reduction of the citizens’ dependency on cars in favor of increased walking, cycling and public transport use.

“The transport strategy that we’ve drafted will enable the city to move people and not cars,” says Fabienne. “This shift in orientation will address Yerevan’s mobility problems, contribute to reducing urban pollution issues, and improve the livability and safety of city residents.”

The strategy document advances the phased implementation of the recommended actions to allow available financing to progressively improve the transport system. The short-term actions, to be implemented from 2021-2023, build on ongoing initiatives of the city along with key development partners. It also promotes low-cost, quick win sub-projects and comprises a series of studies and technical assistance to build the foundations for medium- and long-term interventions.

The medium-term actions, to be implemented between 2023-2030, aim to initiate the implementation of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan and complete outstanding intermediate actions including institutional reforms. The long-term actions, which will be implemented beyond 2030, will have increased focus on upgrading the integrated public transport system, ensuring that the institutional reforms are fully implemented and that the recommended Integrated Transport Authority is fully empowered.

“We have drafted the strategy based on a series of consultations with key stakeholders,” says Fabienne. “It provides a good framework of how the different transport elements complement each other. The strategy will be presented and discussed with the city’s executive and administration personnel as a step toward its finalization,” she adds.

Together with the Transport Strategy, CDIA is also helping with the drafting of the Yerevan Parking and Taxi Management Strategy in line with the overall transport strategy. The parking strategy is geared toward the restructuring of the bus network and includes best international practices. Meanwhile, as taxis are currently regulated by the central government, the taxi strategy will provide recommendations for future regulations and legislation.

Other works with Yerevan under the ongoing PPS include the provision of advisory support for the optimization of the future bus network routes, bus lane design, intermodal connectivity, passenger fares and ticketing, and air quality monitoring, among others.

“We’re halfway through the PPS and it is exciting to see the engagement of Yerevan’s executive level of government in the project,” says Fabienne. “We hope that our advisory support will enable the city to develop a more sustainable and environment-friendly public transport system, which is accessible and affordable to all segments of society, particularly the poor and the vulnerable.”

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