City Interventions

Tbilisi Metro Upgrade and Refurbishment Plan

Country: Georgia
City: Tbilisi

Key Stakeholders and PartnersTbilisi Municipality City Hall; Ministry of Regional Development and Infrastructure of Georgia; Asian Development Bank

Project Preparation Study PeriodFebruary 2018 – December 2018

CDIA SupportUS$ 465,300

Expected Downstream FinancingUS$ 17 million (ADB loan)

Infrastructure sectorsUrban Transport

CDIA priority impact areasClimate Change Mitigation and Adaptation; Environmental Improvement; Good Governance; Poverty Reduction

Key City Development Issues

The Tbilisi Metro System, operated by the Tbilisi Transport Company (100% owned by Tbilisi City Hall) was commissioned in 1966. Extensions were constructed in the following two decades and the network currently includes 22 stations covering the central districts of the city with an average ridership of 450,000 passenger trips a day. The modal share of the metro in total urban transportation, including private vehicles, is 13% with significant potential for increase. Following decades of under-investment, the system is in urgent need of rehabilitation and upgrading.

Details of Cooperation

CDIA supported the city of Tbilisi in developing an investment program to improve the operation of the Tbilisi Metro System to meet present day technical, operational, safety and accessibility standards. Key intervention objectives included: (i) to enable a coherent and optimal vision and plan for modernization of Tbilisi Metro System operations; (ii) to optimize operations through re-equipping, training and the introduction of better operational standards and procedures in the technical and financial management of the system; (iii) to improve passenger safety through addressing current risks and issues; (iv) to improve accessibility and inter-modal connectivity; and (v) to introduce energy saving solutions.

Key CDIA intervention outputs included: (i) audit, inventory and assessment of the Tbilisi Metro system; (ii) specific recommendations for Tbilisi Metro System modernization and refurbishment; (iii) phased investment plan for Tbilisi Metro system modernization; and (iv) detailed design and technical specification for the top priority works (cabling and ventilators)

Expected Development Outcomes

The project will directly benefit the poor, as it seeks to improve mobility conditions for all and particularly for the low-income population which are main users of public transport in Tbilisi. Increasing the efficiency of the public transport system will give better accessibility to job opportunities in the Tbilisi urban area. Furthermore, the proposed improvements will make a significant contribution to the shift to sustainable urban mobility in Tbilisi.

Download: Final Report      

Key City informationLand Area: 726 sq. km.
Estimated Population: 1.1 million (2016)
City website:

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